At this crucial moment in time when US-China tensions and espionage are daily news, Nick Eftimiades has written yet another unique work on Chinese espionage operations and tactics. This long awaited monograph carefully describes how China recruits the ‘whole of society’ to conduct espionage and how businesses put party above profit. Based on extensive and exclusive research, Nick reveals the latest in Chinese tradecraft, collection entities and collection objectives through clear and detailed case analysis. Does the Thousand Grains of Sand theory still hold? What are their targets? Are we equipped to deal with the threat? This work is the first of several monographs that will sound the alarm for a whole of society response. I encourage others to inform themselves by reading this important contribution to the topic. Stay tuned for more publications to come.